Đề Xuất 2/2023 # 10 Cool French Words That’ll Make You Appreciate The Language Again # Top 10 Like | Beiqthatgioi.com

Đề Xuất 2/2023 # 10 Cool French Words That’ll Make You Appreciate The Language Again # Top 10 Like

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Not all words are created equal.

Let’s face it: some are just plain boring.

There are those words like bien (well/good) and chose (thing) that French learners use from day one… then there are words like d’accord (agreed/okay) that pad so many French conversations…

Don’t nod off just yet! Those plain old common words are definitely essential to your French, but they’re not what we’re focusing on today.

Instead, we’re going to look at the cool French words you aren’t using enough. They’ll refresh your communication skills and keep you from getting bogged down or burned out as you build your French vocabulary.

Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere.

What’s So Useful About These Cool French Words?

We all know why vocabulary is so important—you need the right words to express yourself in French! Learning some fun, cool French words won’t just expand your vocabulary, but will also benefit your language studies in bigger ways.

They’ll reinvigorate your motivation to learn: Think back to the first time you heard someone speak French. You may’ve felt a deep sense of awe at how beautiful the language sounded.

There are many cool French words, like the ones we’ll discuss below, that can take you back to this feeling—whether they sound incredible, have interesting definitions or express something we don’t quite have a word for in English.

They’ll give you a brain boost: Research shows that learning foreign vocabulary is good for your brain. Taking the time to study new and interesting French words will exercise your brain and keep you on your A game in all areas of your language studies (and beyond!).

The cool French words will also make you sound… well, pretty cool! In fact, as pointed out by this video from FluentU’s YouTube channel, the French use cool words all the time. Sure, some of them are slang words that can’t be used in formal contexts such as at work or at school, but learning these French words will help you sound more like a French native speaker.

Check out videos about learning the French that real native speakers use on FluentU’s YouTube channel!

Finding More Cool Words for Your Vocabulary

The words below are just a start. If you want to continue spicing up your vocabulary with the most interesting words French has to offer, here are some ways to do just that:

If you’re interested in words that aren’t easily translatable from one language to the next, you can check out the “Dictionary of Untranslatables.”

It doesn’t get cooler than slang. Check out this online dictionary of French slang, which is full of explanations and examples.

Each video comes with interactive captions that give you instant definitions or pronunciations for any word you don’t recognize. You’ll rapidly grow your vocabulary while absorbing French the way native speakers really use it.

The best part is that FluentU keeps track of the words you’ve learned and suggests new videos to keep you moving forward. You can see for yourself by signing up for a free trial.

Need a reminder that French exists outside of its own bubble? Check out these English words that are borrowed from French.

10 Cool French Words That’ll Make You Appreciate the Language Again

These words weren’t just chosen because they’re beautiful (although there’s plenty of those) but for one or more of these reasons:

They’re quirky or funny

They sound interesting

They don’t have an English equivalent

Débrouillard

A rough translation of this word would be “resourceful” or “wily,” but it really doesn’t have a true English equivalent. To understand the meaning of this word, let’s picture what someone who’s débrouillard might look like.

This person is able to take care of things for themselves. When life gets tough, they can surmount difficulties without much help from others. That isn’t to say someone who’s débrouillard won’t ask for help—they will, if they need to get things done—but they don’t depend on other people to solve their problems for them.

How it’s used:

My mother used this word when I was being a whiny kid: Débrouille-toi! (Figure it out!)

But it can also be used to refer to a positive character trait: Le garçon est jeune mais débrouillard. (The boy is young but resourceful.)

Cochonnerie

This word may remind you of the French word cochon (pig), and it’s actually not far off.

Cochonnerie is used in a variety of situations, but the connotation is negative, as it can mean “junk” or “rubbish.” You may use this word to refer to junk food, or to something useless.

How it’s used:

If you want to refer to food, you could use this word in a phrase like: La nuit d’Halloween j’ai trop mangé de cochonneries. (On halloween I ate too much junk food.)

In a different setting, a teacher may tell her class to stop misbehaving with the warning Arrêtez vos cochonneries!

Bêtise

This world literally means “stupidity,” but it goes much deeper than that. This is another word that doesn’t directly translate to English. It’s used to describe a behavior or action that lacks basic intelligence, common sense or judgement. However, it can also be used in a variety of other unexpected ways.

Note that a different form of this word, les bêtes, can refer to animals, and colloquially this word can be used to describe someone who has been working very hard comme une bête (like a dog).

How it’s used:

If a group of teenagers are engaging in what might be described as rebellious or risky behavior, such as coming home past curfew, their parents might say: Les adolescents font des bêtises. (The kids are being stupid).

Avocat

Believe it or not, this word can mean two completely different things. Depending on the gender and the context, avocat could translate to “lawyer” or “avocado.”

Although the gender can help to distinguish which you’re talking about, this can get a little confusing because the masculine form of avocat (un avocat) can mean male lawyer or avocado. However, the feminine version, une avocate, means female lawyer.

How it’s used:

This one’s pretty self-explanatory, but as we’ve seen, you’ll be relying on context here because gender may sometimes lead you astray. Let’s just say that you’ll have to assume your audience isn’t bête (stupid) and will have the common sense to know whether you’re referring to an attorney or the main ingredient in a bowl of guacamole.

Tête de pioches

You may be familiar with French terms of endearment, such as mon chou (my sweet bun) or mon coeur (my love). Tête de pioches? That’s not exactly a term of endearment. In fact, it’s the opposite.

This is something you might say to someone who’s acting without rationale or forethought. Perhaps they were engaged in bêtises (stupidity) or cochonneries (nonsense). This term translates roughly to “blockhead.”

How it’s used:

I’ll leave it up to your discretion for what circumstance you’ll save this phrase, but it’s not something you’d use in a formal setting! A mother may refer to her careless child as a tête de pioches the 10th time they knocked over a water cup at the dinner table (not that I speak from experience…).

La grasse matinée

You’ve woken up leisurely after the sun, without an alarm. You slowly pad around the kitchen fixing a cup of coffee and a piece of toast… then get right back in bed. You might lay there while the coffee brews, maybe paging through the paper or watching your favorite TV show. A lazy morning sleeping in—this is what grasse matinée refers to, even though it translates literally to “fat morning.”

How it’s used:

Use this whenever you want to describe the best kind of morning: slow, relaxed and with nothing pressing on the agenda. If you enjoyed sleeping in this morning, you might mention, j’ai fait la grasse matinée jusqu’à midi. (I slept in until noon).

L’embouteillage

Translated in English to “bottling,” this word is used to describe slow or congested traffic. But really, isn’t this term just a perfect description of that infuriatingly, illogically slow traffic we all despise? I can’t think of a better way to describe a traffic jam.

How it’s used:

You would use this word just as you might in English. You might say, il y avait de l’embouteillage sur la grande route ce matin. (There was slow-moving traffic on the highway this morning.)

Mince

A rough equivalent of this word would be “shoot” or “darn,” although it translates literally to “thin.” This is a slang word that can be used to express mild frustration or annoyance.

How it’s used:

You could use this in most settings without too much concern for company. Whether you just stubbed your toe or loaded the wrong powerpoint presentation at a big meeting, you’d be safe to exclaim, mince!

L’ennui

You may’ve seen this word referenced in English, and like other French words, it’s been adapted for use outside of the French language sphere.

That said, this is another of those French words that doesn’t quite have the same connotation in English. A rough equivalent may be “boredom,” but there’s more to it than that.

How it’s used:

This word can change its meaning depending on the setting. You might say, je m’ennuie! (I’m bored!), but if it’s pluralized (by adding an s), the word refers to troubles or nuisance: des ennuis au bureau (trouble at the office).

Gueule de bois

I’ve saved my favorite one for last. Gueule de bois literally means “wooden throat/mouth.” This is a form of slang that refers to a hangover.

This expression comes from the feeling one might get after a night of drinking that leaves the throat dry and dehydrated.

How it’s used:

Hopefully you won’t often experience that regretful feeling after a late night out, but next time you do, you can say: J’ai mal à la tête! J’ai la gueule de bois. (I have a headache! I’ve got a hangover.)

And there you have it! Next time your French is feeling a little uninspired, take a stab at incorporating some of these cool French words and phrases. I personally challenge you to use both meanings of avocat (lawyer/avocado) in the same sentence.

Loie Gervais is an educational writer and editor. She specializes in language, post-secondary education, academic skills and organizational behavior.

Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere.

If you liked this post, something tells me that you’ll love FluentU, the best way to learn French with real-world videos.

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The 50 Most Beautiful French Words You’Ll Ever Hear

When you think of speaking French , what comes to mind? If you’re picturing candlelit dinners, incredible art, and grand romance, you’re not alone.

French is known as the 50 beautiful language of love , and just about any common French word sounds lovely. Countless writers and poets have used the language to explore themes such as love, beauty, and nature throughout the ages. Even a few random French words sprinkled into your vocabulary will surely impress your romantic interest! With that in mind, we’ve put together this list of . French words

These beautiful French words were selected for their pleasant sound and their potent meanings. Before checking out the list, listen to these words for yourself!

50 Beautiful French Words

ange – angel (masc.)

baleine – whale (fem.)

bisou – kiss (masc.)

brindille – twig (fem.)

brûler – to burn

brume – mist (fem.)

câlin – hug (masc.)

chaleur – heat (fem.)

chatoyer – to shimmer

chaussettes – socks (fem.)

mon chouchou – my little cabbage, said as a term of endearment (masc.)

citronnade – lemonade (fem.)

citrouille – pumpkin (fem.)

coquillage – seashell (masc.)

croquis – sketch (masc.)

dépaysement – the feeling of being in another country (masc.)

écarlate – scarlet

éclatant – brilliant, dazzling, gleaming

empêchement – a last minute difficulty (masc.)

épanoui – blooming, joyful, radiant

éphémère – ephemeral

étoile – star (masc.)

feuilles – leaves (fem.)

flâner – to stroll aimlessly

floraison – bloom (fem.)

grelotter – to shiver

hirondelle – swallow (bird) (fem.)

libellule – dragonfly (fem.)

loufoque – wild, crazy, far-fetched

luciole – firefly (fem.)

myrtille – blueberry (fem.)

noix de coco – coconut (fem.)

nuage – cloud (masc.)

orage – thunderstorm (masc.)

pamplemousse – grapefruit (masc.)

papillon – butterfly (masc.)

parapluie – umbrella (fem.)

pastèque – watermelon (fem.)

péripatéticien – wanderer (masc.)

piscine – swimming pool (fem.)

plaisir – pleasure (masc.)

pleuvoir – to rain

plonger – to dive

retrouvailles – the happiness of seeing someone again after a long time (fem.)

singulier – so odd it’s one of a time

sirène – mermaid (fem.)

soleil – sun (masc.)

sortable – someone you can take anywhere without being embarrassed

tournesol – sunflower (masc.)

Now that you’ve found plenty of popular French words to learn, you’ll want to integrate them into your vocabulary as much as possible. Increasing your vocabulary of common French words is of the most important parts of studying French. Use these 10 tips to “decode” the language so you can memorize French vocabulary faster.

1. Look for Roots

When you can, memorize French words that share a root at the same time.

For example, when you learn ” écrire” (to write), you can also learn ” écrivain” (writer) and ” l’écrire ” (the act of writing). This increases your vocabulary exponentially. Words and their meanings will stick more clearly in your memory since you learned the whole family of words together.

See Also: 100+ Common Regular French Verbs

2. Know Your Cognates

Even if you’re brand new to French, your knowledge of English may help you more than you realize. There are over 1,500 French-English cognates, which are words that are identical in sound and meaning. These are a great starting place for building vocabulary!

As you study, write down a list of French/English cognates in two columns (one for French words and one for English words) and quiz yourself by folding the piece of paper vertically in half. Test your ability to remember both the English meaning and the French word.

3. Practice With Your Textbook

Most language books have illustrations of new vocabulary. Looking at the illustrations, describe them using the vocabulary you already know or have studied, and then read the captions underneath the pictures to see how well you did. Notice how the French words are used in context , and then see if you can apply them in your life.

4. Three is a Magic Number

If you’re really struggling to memorize vocabulary words, write each word three times in French and once in English. Then write the French word again without looking back. Check to see if you wrote it correctly.

5. Listen and Repeat

Look for digital recordings of French words. Try listening to these once, then repeat each word in French while listening to it a second time. There are many great French videos on YouTube that can help you memorize vocabulary and practice listening.

The more French media you take in – be it music, television, or movies – the better your language comprehension will become. While nothing beats total immersion in France, you can immerse your ears in the language even if you don’t have any nearby native speakers . All you have to do is enjoy the vast array of great content available in French!

6. Use it in a Sentence

For each vocabulary word, write a new sentence using it. Try to make your sentence memorable in your own unique way . Context is key to remembering new words !

7. Make Associations

Make associations with words you are familiar with in English.

For example, look at the French verb ” rencontrer.” While it means to meet or find, another meaning is “to encounter.” Make the association between these two words so you will be able to recall both the meaning and the word itself in French.

8. French Word of the Day

Choose a new, random French word to learn every day.

Each morning , take the French word you have chosen to study and write it on a few Post-Its with or without its English equivalent. Place the notes in places you will see throughout the day, like the bathroom mirror, the monitor of your computer, or in your planner.

You’ll see the French word many times as you go about your day, and by the end of the day, you should have it memorized!

9. Write it Down

If your goal is to increase your vocabulary rapidly, keep a notebook of new French words you encounter in class, books, and conversations that you hear. Keeping a written record of words you are learning allows you to review and track your progress.

10. Do it Daily

Make studying French vocabulary a regular part of your day.

The key to learning a new language rapidly is studying it regularly. It doesn’t have to be for a long time; just a few minutes each day can make a huge difference !

While resources such as these are great for boosting your French skills, there’s no replacement for meeting with a private tutor . You can add even more French words to your vocabulary and practice your conversational prowess by attending group classes . Looking to learn on the go? Connect with a French teacher online !

Interested in Private Lessons?

Growing An Active Vocabulary: How Many Words In The French Language Do I Need To Know?

Dix (ten), cent (one hundred), mille (one thousand), dix milles (ten thousand)?

No, no, no, French learner, I am not teaching you how to count by intervals in French!

Instead, I am asking you: How many words do you have to know to be “fluent” or “proficient” in French?

And not only that, but which words do you need to know?

Well, that’s where the complication starts, isn’t it?

When it comes to learning French, it seems that there are suggestions aplenty for acquiring vocabulary. We are bombarded with vocabulary flashcards, vocabulary builders, daily vocabulary and even shopping vocabulary.

But which words do you actually need to know? And how many words do you really need to know in order to communicate effectively in French? We will find out in this post!

Why Vocabulary Size Matters

Being aware of how many words one needs to know in a target language is a real concern for many language learners.

While aiming to know a certain number of words should not be the only goal when learning French, it is useful to know how many words are needed to be “proficient” or “fluent” in the language.

Instead of focusing on just a number, then, a learner’s goal should be to learn a certain number of words alongside grammatical constructions for using said words in everyday situations. Because of this, it is best to learn vocabulary in context. This means learning vocabulary in simple example sentences where the word is displayed correctly to showcase its use and meaning.

Further, learners should aim to grow their active vocabulary. Active vocabulary includes the words that you can recall easily when speaking or writing, whereas a passive vocabulary includes the words that you can recognize when listening or reading. Having a large active vocabulary allows learners to express themselves accurately and concisely.

What Constitutes a Word?

One problem that learners of French (or any language) often encounter is that the definition of a “word” varies. This makes it hard to quantify how many words a learner already knows as well as to figure out how many words they should know in a target language.

On one hand, a word can be seen as a distinct unit that has its own spelling and/or pronunciation. For example, take the words fille (girl) and filles (girls) in French. These could be regarded as separate words because, even though they are pronounced the same, they have different meanings and are spelled differently.

On the other hand, these two words are actually from the same “root” word and in the same “word family.” That means that filles (girls) is just a variant (in this case, the plural form) of fille (girl). Both instances simply constitute two variants of the same word. It is easier to learn “roots” or “word families,” especially in the case of nouns, adjectives and verbs where one “word” may have dozens of variants such as verb conjugations, plurals and gender agreements.

French further complicates word counting because one word may have multiple meanings. For example, personne can mean both “person” and “no one.”

For our purposes, we are going to say that variants constitute the same root word and that a word can have multiple meanings. In other words, when figuring out word goals, learners should count a word and all its variants as a single word.

Now that we have decided what constitutes a word, we need to figure out how many words a French learner should know for getting by in everyday French conversations. To do that, let’s look at some statistics about the French language.

According to the French dictionary , there are approximately 130,000 words in the French language-but you do not have to know all of them! The average adult vocabulary in English is 20,000-35,000 words, and we can assume that this number is comparable to the average adult French vocabulary.

So, what does all this mean? Well, first of all, one should not aim to learn all the words in the French language-even French speakers do not know then all.

Learners do not have to know 35,000 words, either. Given that a big part of those 20,000-35,000 words are vocabulary that speakers do not use in day-to-day speech (passive vocabulary), French learners should focus on growing their active vocabulary. And there is good news!

The average active vocabulary size is around 5,000 root words or word families.

Further, according to the Universe of Memory, knowing the most common 1,000 words in a language will allow you to understand 80% of the language, and knowing the most common 5,000 words in a language will allow you to understand 98% of the language.

Therefore, to be “proficient” in French, you should have around 5,000 words in your active vocabulary.

Getting to 5,000 Words of Active Vocabulary

Despite not needing to know 130,000 French words, reaching a vocabulary of 5,000 words is still a daunting task. But never fear! A step-by-step process is here.

When growing your vocabulary, you should learn new words strategically.

Aim to learn the most common words in the language. You can do this by consulting some of the frequency lists t hat are included below. A frequency list is a collection of words that compiles the most common words by how often they are used. I also suggest using topic-specific vocabulary lists to learn vocabulary catered to a learner’s needs.

Remember, a good active vocabulary consists of the most useful words for your purpose. There is no sense in learning the French word for “limited liability partnership” if you do not imagine yourself in a situation where you would need to say it.

Your First 1,000 Words

Your first 1,000 acquired words should focus on the most common, everyday words and expressions in the French language. This includes knowing articles such as “the” and “a” (as well as their rules and usage), greetings and common vocabulary from everyday topics such as food, colors, the household, travel, etc.

You should also aim to familiarize yourself with grammar during this stage of vocabulary acquisition. Remember, you want to learn these words in context. Learning the word table (table) without knowing that it is feminine and takes the articles la (the) and une (a) will only cause problems later down the road.

For specific vocabulary lists on common topics, I suggest you check out the following:

Frenchetc or Ielanguages French: Both of these websites have the most common vocabulary and grammar constructions in French sorted into topics and tutorials. They are also the best lists to consult if you are a beginner and you have no previous knowledge of French.

101Languages: 101Languages has compiled a list of the most common 1,000 words used in French. This list can be downloaded for easy access on your computer, tablet or phone. It includes variants as separate words so it would be most useful to learn each word in the context of their examples. The top 100 words have audio files for pronunciation help.

Memrise: Memrise has a frequency list of the most common 5,000 words in French, which is ideal for learners. This list does not include variants, so learners should know enough about grammar to know how a word functions in a multitude of contexts such as verb conjugations, other forms, gender and plural agreement rules-and more.

FluentU:

FluentU takes real-world videos-like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks-and turns them into personalized language learning lessons.

Other sites use scripted content. FluentU uses a natural approach that helps you ease into the French language and culture over time. You’ll learn French as it’s actually spoken by real people.

FluentU has a wide variety of great content, like interviews and web series, as you can see here:

You can tap on any word to look it up instantly. Every definition has examples that have been written to help you understand how the word is used.

You’ll receive video recommendations that suit your interests and current level of progress.

Start using FluentU on the website with your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app from the iTunes or Google Play stores.

Reaching 2,500 Words

By the halfway point to a strong active vocabulary, learners should have moved away from the most common French words. Instead, now is the time to learn vocabulary that will allow the learner to achieve their goals with the French language.

Do you plan to shop in a Francophone community? Learn shopping vocabulary. Do you plan to work? Focus on business French. Want to move to France? Study informal French.

Learners should also be actively accessing French media and recording unknown words that they come across. By doing this, learners can experience French “in the wild.” Remember: The French language is not confined to a word list; it is a changing language that is actually used by speakers every day. Try following French news or listening to French music to see French in its natural environment.

An Active Vocabulary of 5,000 Words

At 5,000 words of an active vocabulary, learners should be able to understand and use more and more French every day. Better yet, since they have probably come across a lot of French words along the way, learners should have a considerable passive vocabulary as well (no doubt larger than 5,000 words!), so understanding French should be increasingly easier.

Like with 2,500 words, learners should use the last stretch to further specialize their vocabulary. This does not mean a learner should ignore common, everyday words that are heard often in media or while reading. But again, focusing on goals can lead a learner in the appropriate direction.

Well, the limit is actually 130,000 words, but I would not be worried about exhausting all those words any time soon.

So get your device or your flashcards ready! A bountiful active French vocabulary is within your reach!

If you liked this post, something tells me that you’ll love FluentU, the best way to learn French with real-world videos.

Experience French immersion online!

The Only Japanese Pronunciation Guide You’Ll Ever Need

It’s essential to know the Japanese writing system in order to learn Japanese pronunciation efficiently and effectively. Once you master Hiragana / Katakana, you can pronounce anything in Japanese, as they’re the cornerstone of pronunciation in the Japanese language.

1- What is the Japanese Language Writing System?

The Japanese writing system is a combination of three different characters: Hiragana (ひらがな), Katakana (カタカナ), and (漢字). Kanji is Chinese characters and both Hiragana and Katakana are a syllabic grapheme. For learning Japanese pronunciation, Hiragana is the most important and thus we focus on Hiragana here. Later, we’ll also go more into comparing Japanese pronunciation to English.

Hiragana

Hiragana is the most basic Japanese writing system, the core Japanese alphabet. Japanese children and foreign Japanese learners start learning Japanese from here in order to read and write Japanese.

Hiragana consists of 46 basic characters which can represent all of the sounds in spoken Japanese, with a few variations which are closely related to some basic Hiragana and its sounds.

How to Read Hiragana

Unlike in the English alphabet, eachHiragana character represents one mora, the shortest syllable, and each character is read for the same length of time and spoken with the same strength. The characters represent the exact same sounds (please see the chart above) and all the Japanese sounds can be expressed by a single hiragana, or a combination of two hiragana letters.

All Hiragana end with a vowel ( a, e, i, o, u).In this respect, Japanese pronunciation is far simpler than English pronunciation. Take the English alphabet “i,” for example. “I” itself is pronounced /aɪ/, but when it’s used in words such as “alive” and “ink,” the pronunciation of “i” changes.

On the contrary, the sound and pronunciation of Hiragana is the same, no matter what order the characters are in, or what combination of characters are in a word.

So once you master Hiragana, you’ll be able to pronounce all the Japanese words perfectly!

The first step to learn Japanese is to master Hiragana. When you can properly pronounce each Japanese words, your conversation skill will greatly improve.

2- How Many *Sounds* are there in Japanese?

As mentioned above, the basic sounds are represented by forty-six Hiragana characters.

However, there are fifty-eight other variations of sounds listed below. All are based on forty-six basic Hiragana.

1. Sound Variations

These are related to some of the basic Hiragana sounds. These characters are considered to be variations of the basic Hiragana, thus they don’t appear in the main syllabary.

For example:

When you look at the vertical “k” line in the Hiragana Chart above, there are “か ( Ka), き ( Ki), く( Ku), け ( Ke), こ ( Ko).” When adding “dakuten濁点” or two small lines to the upper right of each of the ka-line characters, the hard “k” sound changes into a softer “g” sound:

Similarly, the lines of “s,” “t,” and “h” change into “z,” “d,” and “b” with dakuten as shown below.

When you add “handakuten 半濁点” or a small circle to the upper right of each of the h-line characters, the sound of “h” changes into the “p” sound:

The number of sounds in Japanese pronunciation is not as many as those of English, so learning Japanese pronunciation is not so difficult if you know English.

2. Small Ya-Line Combinations

The three ya-line (や [ Ya], ゆ [ Yu], よ [ Yo]) sounds can be combined with any of the sounds that end in い ( i) (except for “い [ i] ” itself from the “a-line”) to create another variation of sounds. In such cases, the ya-line sounds are represented by smaller characters of や ( ya), ゆ ( yu), よ ( yo) instead of the regular-sized characters.

For example:

“き ( Ki)” + “small ゃ ( ya)” becomes “きゃ ( kya).” When “ki” and “small ya” combine, the “i” sound disappears and it changes into the “kya” sound. The k-line becomes きゃ ( kya), きゅ ( kyu), and きょ ( kyo).

Similarly, it applies to other sounds as shown below.

Listening to the native’s pronunciation is very effective for learning. Please check out our YouTube channel of JapanesePod101.

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