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Below are 24 of the most common Latin phrases we use in the English language.
1. Ad hoc: To this
In Latin, ad hoc literally means to this, which has been adapted by English speakers as a saying that denotes that something is created or done for a particular purpose, as necessary. Usually, one does something on an ad hoc basis (e.g., she answered questions on an ad hoc basis).
2. Alibi: Elsewhere
3. Bona fide: With good faith
Another common Latin phrase, bona fide literally means with good faith. The meaning has changed somewhat in English usage to mean something that is real or genuine (e.g., she was a bona fide expert in the social structures of humpback whales).
4. Bonus: Good
Bonus, from the Latin adjective bonus, which means good, refers to any number of good things in its current English usage. Most often, bonus refers to an extra sum of money or reward from one’s employer for good performance, which of course is always a good thing.
A common phrase with motivational speakers and go-getters, carpe diem is a Latin phrase that means seize the day, made popular by the Roman poet Horace. It is usually used to motivate others to make the most of the present and stop worrying about the future.
6. De Facto: In fact
De facto is a Latin phrase that, literally translated, means of fact. Nowadays, it is used to highlight something that is simply a fact or someone who holds a position, with or without the right to do so (e.g., she was the de facto leader of the book club).
7. E.g.: For example
Commonly confused with the similar Latin term i.e., e.g. stands for the Latin phrase exempli gratia, meaning for the sake of example. In English, it is used to introduce a list of examples in place of the phrase such as.
8. Ego: I
A popular term in psychology, ego in fact began as the Latin equivalent of the first person pronoun, I, which makes sense when considering its modern meaning, which refers to an individual’s sense of self-worth or self-esteem.
9. Ergo: Therefore
10. Et cetera: And so on
Used at the end of a list to indicate that further items could be included, et cetera (or etc.) literally translates to and the rest.
11. Extra: In addition to
12. I.e.: That is
Sometimes mistaken for the similar abbreviation e.g., i.e. stands for the Latin phrase id est, which literally translates to that is. It is most often used to add information that states something in different words or to give a more specific example: Most of the puppies (i.e., four of the six) found homes over the weekend.
13. Impromptu: Spontaneous
14. Intro: Within
15. Multi: Many
16. Per se: In itself
Meaning by, of, for, or in itself in Latin, per se is a common phrase used to emphasize the importance or connection of something (e.g., it was not the book per se that was important, but the message the author tried to get across).
17. Pro bono (publico): For the good (of the public)
Pro bono indicates that something is being done without payment or reimbursement. The phrase is often applied when lawyers provide legal services for little or no money, though its use is not exclusive to the legal profession.
19. Re: About
You probably use this Latin preposition every day without really understanding its meaning. Re simply means about, and in modern times, we see it used most often in responses to emails and in other correspondence to refer to an earlier topic of discussion.
20. Semi: Half
A prefix borrowed from Latin, semi translates to half. When used in English, it indicates that something is incomplete or partially finished (e.g., semidetached, semiautomatic, semi-final, etc.).
21. Status quo: Existing state of affairs
This straight-up Latin phrase literally translates to the state in which and is used in English to describe an existing state of affairs, usually related to political or social issues.
22. Verbatim: In exactly the same words
23. Versus: Against
24. Vice versa: The other way around
Vice versa is a Latin phrase that literally means in a turned position. In English, it is commonly used to indicate that two things are interchangeable.
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50 Latin Phrases To Make You Sound Like A Master Orator
While Latin hasn’t been regularly spoken or written for hundreds of years, save for the occasional scholarly text, its legacy is still felt throughout the lexicon of both Romance and Germanic languages today. Whether you’re launching an ad hominem attack or adding etcetera to the end of a list, it’s likely you’re peppering your speech with Latin phrases without even knowing it.
That said, we can do better than exclaiming “veni, vidi, vici” following a win at Scrabble or whispering “in vino veritas” before spilling a secret over a few drinks. With that in mind, we’ve compiled the genius Latin phrases you could and should be using on a daily basis.
Common Latin Phrases
A popular Latin school motto, this one means, “Dare to know.” It’s commonly associated with the Age of Enlightenment and may be the reminder you need to never stop learning, no matter your age.
2. “Ad astra per aspera.”
3. “Carpe vinum.”
We’ve all heard the phrase “carpe diem” a million times, but we’ll do you one better: “Carpe vinum.” Of all the Latin phrases to master, this one, which translates to “seize the wine,” will certainly come in handy when you’re eager to impress your waiter with a fancy foodie phrase or are doing your best Caligula impression after a few glasses of pinot noir.
4. “Alea iacta est.”
Latin phrases don’t get much more iconic than “alea iacta est,” or “the die is cast,” an expression reportedly uttered by Julius Caesar as he crossed Italy’s Rubicon river with his army. Of course, it works equally well when you’ve got the wheels in motion for a brilliant plan that doesn’t involve civil war.
5. “Acta non verba.”
If you want to make it clear that you won’t stand for lip service, toss “acta non verba” into your everyday language. Meaning, “Deeds, not words,” this phrase is an easy way to make it clear that you don’t kindly suffer those whose behavior doesn’t match their words.
6. “Audentes fortuna iuvat.”
Want some inspiration to kill it on an upcoming job interview? Repeat, “Audentes fortuna iuvat” (“Fortune favors the bold.”) to yourself a few times in the mirror before heading out the door.
7. “Natura non constristatur.”
While it’s natural to be upset over storm damage to a house or dangerous conditions that cause a flight to be canceled, Latin speakers were sure to make it clear that nature doesn’t share our feelings. “Natura non constristatur,” which means, “Nature is not saddened,” is the perfect phrase to remind yourself or others just how unconcerned with human affairs Mother Nature truly is.
8. “Ad meliora.”
Today may not be going the way you want, but you can always boost your spirits by uttering “ad meliora,” or, “Toward better things.”
9. “Creo quia absurdum est.”
Occam’s razor isn’t always the best way to judge a situation. In times where belief alone trumps logic, drop a “creo quia absurdum est,” which means, “I believe because it is absurd.”
10. “In absentia lucis, Tenebrae vincunt.”
While not quite the Washington Post‘s motto, this phrase comes pretty close. If you’re ever channeling your inner superhero, try out this expression, which means, “In the absence of light, darkness prevails.”
11. “Ars longa, vita brevis.”
There’s a reason we still admire the paintings and sculptures of long-dead masters, and luckily, one of the easiest-to-master Latin phrases just about sums it up: “Art is long, life is short.”
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Latin Phrases About Love
You may already know and repeat this maxim in English, but the original Latin version is even more mellifluous. Credited to Virgil, it means “Love conquers all things.”
13. “Ubi amor, ibi dolor.”
“Where there’s love, there’s pain.” If you’ve ever been in love, you already know that this is true.
14. “Inis vitae sed non amoris.”
This phrase, which means, “The end of life, but not of love,” basically describes what it means to grieve someone you’ve lost.
15. “Ut ameris, amabilis esto.”
We can’t expect to collect friends and admirers unless we’re worth it. Affection and a good reputation have to be earned, according to this quote from Ovid. It means, “If you want to be loved, be lovable.”
16. “Amore et melle et felle es fecundissimus.”
Love is amazing, painful, and confusing at the same time, as those who spoke Latin apparently knew all too well. The next time you want to remind a friend of the exquisite agony that often accompanies a new relationship, use this phrase, which means, “Love is rich with honey and venom.”
Latin Phrases About Death
A reminder of one’s mortality, this phrase means, “Consider the end,” and is the motto of several universities. Since we tend to feel pretty invincible in our teens and 20s, it’s a useful reality check and an encouragement to make the most of one’s time.
18. “Malo mori quam foedari.”
Does your reputation mean everything to you? Then you may want to remember this motto, which translates to, “Death rather than dishonor.”
19. “Omnes una manet nox.”
From Horace‘s Odes, this Latin phrase translates into, “One night is awaiting us all,” and serves as a reminder that we’re all mere mortals. “One night,” in this context, means the night of our deaths.
20. “Vivamus, moriendum est.”
A quote attributed to the philosopher Seneca, this Latin phrase means, “Let us live, since we must die.” Life is short, basically, so we might as well enjoy it while we can.
21. “Sic gorgiamus allos subjectatos nunc.”
The motto of the fictional Addams Family, this phrase means, “We gladly feast on those who would subdue us.” Also perfect for use in any conversation where you’re eager to terrify someone else.
22. “Flectere si nequeo superos, Acheronta movebo.”
From Virgil’s Aeneid, this phrase, which means, “If I cannot move Heaven, I will raise Hell,” is the perfect addition to the vocabulary of anyone whose halo is nonexistent.
Cool Latin Phrases
Horace is also responsible for this phase, which translates to, “More lasting than bronze.” If your feelings or words will stand the test of time, you can describe them as such.
24. “Libertas perfundet omnia luce.”
25. “Aquila non capit muscas.”
Tired of dealing with things below your pay grade? You can tell your boss, “Aquila non capit muscas,” or, “An eagle does not catch flies.” We can’t guarantee it’ll go over well though.
26. “Solamen miseris socios habuisse doloris.”
You can thank playwright and contemporary of William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe, for this one. You likely know it well in English already since it’s frequently used to describe commiseration. Marlowe wrote this Latin phrase, which means “misery loves company,” into his play The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus.
27. “Bis dat qui cito dat.”
“He gives twice who gives promptly.” In other words, if you are quick and easy with your generosity, it will be more appreciated than generosity that comes after a period of hesitation or resistance.
28. “Astra inclinant, sed non obligant.”
If you’re dealing with someone who’s obsessed with their own horoscope, you may want to tell them this. It means, “The stars incline us, they do not bind us.” In other words, even if there’s a plan, we all have free will.
29. “Timendi causa est nescire.”
Seneca was well ahead of his time when he wrote, “Timendi causa est nescire.” If you’re talking to someone who is afraid of the unknown, remind them that “ignorance is the cause of fear.”
30. “Finis coronat opus.”
Translating to, “The end crowns the work,” this phrase is useful any time you’re tempted to judge a project-whether it’s yours or someone else’s-when you’re still in the middle of it.
31. “Forsan et haec olim meminisse iuvabit.”
Difficult times are daunting in the moment, but you never know how time passed will change your opinion of them. Also from the Aeneid, by Virgil, this phrase means, “Perhaps even these things will be good to remember one day,” and it may be a helpful motto to keep you going.
32. “Malum consilium quod mutari non potest.”
Are you terrible at deviating from your to-do list, even when circumstances evolve? You may want to write, “Malum consilium quod mutari non potest” at the top of your bullet journal. This quote from Syrus means, “Bad is the plan that cannot change.”
33. “Destitutus ventis, remos adhibe.”
Meaning, “If the winds fail you, use the oars,” this phrase is a reminder that there’s usually a Plan B. Just because a task isn’t as easy as you thought it would be doesn’t mean that it’s not achievable-though it may take a little more elbow grease than you expected.
34. “Acta deos numquam mortalia fallunt.”
If you’ve ever wanted to strike fear into the heart of your enemies (or just want a good comeback for when you catch someone cheating on game night), try out this expression. Meaning,”Mortal actions never deceive the gods,” this Latin phrase certainly fits the bill.
35. “Dulce periculum.”
Do you live life on the edge? Then “dulce periculum” might just be your new motto. It means “danger is sweet,” and dropping this phrase in casual conversation certainly lets people know what you’re about.
36. “Condemnant quo non intellegunt.”
If your conspiracy theorist friend needs a good talking to, hit them with a quick “condemnant quo non intellegunt.” This phrase, meaning, “They condemn that which they do not understand,” is the perfect burn for those who proudly espouse their less-than-logic-backed views and offer little supporting evidence.
37. “Factum fieri infectum non potest.”
For those eager to make it clear that they don’t give second chances, keep “factum fieri infectum non potest” in your back pocket. This phrase, which means, “It is impossible for a deed to be undone,” also serves as a grave reminder for your friends when they say they’re about they’re about to do something rash.
38. “Aut viam inveniam aut faciam.”
Finding yourself stuck between a rock and a hard place? Pump yourself up by letting forth an “aut viam inveniam aut faciam.” This phrase, which translates to, “I will either find a way or make one,” is famously attributed to Carthaginian general Hannibal, one of history’s most famous military leaders.
39. “Qui totum vult totum perdit.”
While Wall Street may have told us that greed is good, the Latin language begs to differ. If you want to refute an acquaintance’s obsession with having it all, hit them with a “qui totum vult totum perdit,” or, translated: “He who wants everything loses everything.”
40. “Faber est suae quisque fortunae.”
Of all the Latin phrases in the world, there’s one perfect for picking yourself up when you feel like the stars aren’t aligning in your favor. Just remember: “Faber est suae quisque fortunae,” or, “Every man is the artisan of his own fortune.”
41. “Aquila non capit muscas.”
If social media pettiness and idle gossip feel beneath you, try adding “aquila non capit muscas” to your vocabulary. The phrase, which means, “The eagle does not catch flies,” is a particularly cutting way to remind others that you’re not about to trouble yourself with their nonsense.
42. “Nullum magnum ingenium sine mixture dementia fuit.”
Many a great idea or seemingly impossible prediction has been initially laughed off by those who don’t understand it. When that happens to you, remind your detractors, “Nullum magnum ingenium sine mixture dementia fuit,” or, “There has been no great wisdom without an element of madness.”
43. “Barba tenus sapientes.”
That guy who proclaims himself to be a genius but seems to only reiterate derivative remarks? He’s “barba tenus sapientes,” or “as wise as far as the beard.” In other words, this guy might seem intelligent at first, but it’s all a façade.
44. “Lupus non timet canem latrantem.”
Need a quick way to make it clear that you won’t be intimidated by a bully? Simply tell them, “Lupus non timet canem lantrantem.” This means, “A wolf is not afraid of a barking dog.”
45. “Non ducor duco.”
When you’re eager to remind your subordinates at work who’s in charge, toss a “non ducor duco” their way. Meaning, “I am not led; I lead,” this phrase is a powerful way of letting others know you’re not to be messed with.
46. “Fere libenter homines id quod volunt credunt.”
Sometimes, people’s opinions can’t be changed. When that’s the case, drop a “fere libenter homines id quod volunt credunt,” which translates to: “Men generally believe what they want to.”
47. “De omnibus dubitandum.”
Do you think the truth is out there? Do you think there are government secrets that threaten our very existence? If so, this phrase, which means, “Be suspicious of everything,” should be a welcome addition to your lexicon.
48. “Nemo mortalium omnibus horis sapit.”
Just because you think you’re a relatively sage person doesn’t mean that you’re necessarily on the ball at all times. As many a Latin speaker might remind you with this phrase, which means, “Of mortal men, none is wise at all times.”
49. “Quid infantes sumus.”
If you feel like you’re being underestimated, don’t be afraid to spit, “Quid infants sumus?” at those who might not see your potential. While it’s not exactly a scathing insult, it’s pretty amusing to know the Latin phrase for, “What are we, babies?”
50. “Mea navis aëricumbens anguillis abundant.”
Of course, not all Latin phrases are useful-some are just funny. This one, in particular-a translation of a humorous saying from Monty Python’s “Dirty Hungarian Phrasebook” sketch, simply means, “My hovercraft is full of eels.”
10 Powerful Positive Words Of Affirmation To Say Every Day
Whether you’re having a bad work week, it’s just another Monday, or it’s the day of a dreaded presentation, you can always do with some positive words of affirmation to put you in the right frame of mind.
But first, what are affirmations?
The dictionary defines an affirmation as:
The action or process of affirming something
Emotional support or encouragement
A positive affirmation is a positive phrase or sentence that is stated in the present tense. A positive affirmation not only speaks to your conscious mind but your subconscious mind also and because of this, positive affirmations can be used to reprogram or change your thinking over time. That is, if you say them on a regular basis.
If the idea of affirmations seems a little woo-woo to you, then it’s worth considering that there is science theory behind why they work, so even if you’re a skeptic, it’s worth giving it a go. Worst case scenario, nothing happens, but nothing ventured nothing gained.
With that in mind, here are the positive words of affirmation you need to say every day that will have a major impact on how you feel and perform.
10 powerful, positive words of affirmation to say every day
1. I am in control of my life
First off, from the minute you get up, it’s important to remind yourself that you are in the driving seat, no matter what. Whatever’s going on for you at work or at home, you’re still in control. You control your actions, your responses, and your inactions.
Accepting full responsibility and accountability for your career and life is the first step to more happiness and success.
2. Today will be a great day
Just like you can decide to go for a workout in the morning or to give yourself the extra time in bed, you can also decide that you will have a good day. Now, this doesn’t mean to say that there won’t be challenges, or things sent to test you. But setting the intention for a good day will ultimately get you off to a much better start because when you do this, you’ll be priming your brain to look for good things.
3. I focus on what I want. Because you get what you focus on and what you focus on grows
To follow on from #3, if you’ve ever felt like the world was against you and everything kept going wrong, then there’s no coincidence. Your brain is like a heat-seeking missile and whatever you focus on is what it will search for and confirm. So if you start your day expecting everything to go wrong, that’s exactly what you’ll see. It’s unlikely that you’ll notice when anything does go right.
So, focus instead on the things you want and you’ll be likely to see more of it.
4. I can handle anything that comes my way
This is the real world after all and no matter what you do, sometimes, things won’t go according to plan. If that happens, remembering that you can handle it will keep you strong and resilient. After all, whatever doesn’t kill you will only make you stronger.
5. I have all the strength and confidence within me that I need to succeed
We often look outside ourselves for answers when in actual facts, we have everything we need inside. Think of how you feel when you’re on form, in-flow, hitting things out of the park. In many ways, that’s likely when you see yourself most clearly because where else could that performance have come from if it wasn’t within you, to begin with? Why is it that all that confidence can be forgotten and our belief in ourselves can be so severely shaken?
Taking time every day to remember how much you’ve ready achieved and the resources you have within you reminds you what you’re truly capable of.
6. Everything in life happens for me
You can be a victim of your circumstances, waiting for things to change and feeling like things are happening to you, or you can make your own luck by embracing the idea that things in life happen for you.
Think about this for a minute. If things are happening for you, it means there’s something you can get out of any situation. When you think this way, you’ll find that you search for what’s good and beneficial instead of feeling powerless and hard done by.
7. The most important thing is that I learn something
Things are’s going so great, in fact, things might be crashing down around your ears. When this happens, that’s when you need to focus on the learning.
Humans are built to avoid pain and we quickly learn from our mistakes. Most of us don’t learn that much from the times when things run smoothly, we learn from the mistakes we make and from things not going the way we planned.
The most successful people are the ones who learn from their mistakes and turn their failures into opportunities.” – Zig Ziglar
“Take chances, make mistakes. That’s how you grow.” – Mary Tyler Moore
“Winners lose more than losers. They win and lose more than losers because they stay in the game.” – Terry Paulson
8. Nothing can stop me from achieving what I want
You’re in a positive frame of mind, you’re ready for anything, you’re prepared to make mistakes, and learn from them, and you know your strong enough and confident enough to handle anything! Girl, you are unstoppable!
9. I am awesome
There’s nothing wrong with a little self-love, or a LOT in fact.
10. I’m making today count
These final positive words of affirmation are about remembering that life is finite. No matter what the day brings your way, whatever happens, the most important thing is to make sure you do something every single day that will move you towards the things you want, help you grow or develop in some way or make a difference in someone else life. It’s all about making every single day count, by doing something, however big or small.
Now you’re ready to kick ass, find out a simple trick on how to get more energy in just 10 seconds a day so that you can be unstoppable!
Useful Phrases For Discussion And Debate In English
First of all I’d like to point out…
The main problem is…
The question of…
What we have to decide is…
2. Enumeration of points
First of all, I’d like to say…
In addition to that…
Another example of this is..
First, second, third…
3. Expressing a personal opinion
It seems to me that…
I have the feeling that…
I feel that…
I’m absolutely convinced that…
You can take it from me that…
I think/don’t think that…
In my opinion,…
Well, if you ask me…
As I see it…
The way I see it, …
Personally, I believe/suppose/feel (that)…
I’m convinced that…
Expressing pros and cons
There are two sides to the question.
On the one hand…,on the other hand…
An argument for/ in favour of/ against if…
While admitting chúng tôi should not fornet that…
Some people think that…,others say that…
4. Expressing pros and cons
There are two sides to the question.
On the one hand…,on the other hand…
An argument for/ in favour of/ against if…
While admitting chúng tôi should not fornet that…
Some people think that…,others say that…
5. Expressing doubt
I’m not sure if…
I’m not convinced that…
I wonder if you realize that…
I doubt that.
I don’t agree with you about…
I can’t accept your view that…
I’m of a different opinion…
7. Expressing support
You’re quite right.
That’s a very important point.
You’ve got a good point there.
I couldn’t agree with you more.
You look the words right out of my mouth.
The reason for this is (that)…
I base my argument on…
I tell you all this because…
It would be more to the point if…
Come to the point.
That’s not the problem.
What we are discussing is…
…has nothing to do with my argument.
That’s not relevant.
Drawing conclusion and summing up
The obvious conclusion is…
Last but not least…
The only alternative (left) is…
The only possible solution/conclusion is…
Summing up, I’d like to say that…
In conclusion we can say that…
To cut a long story short,…
Just to give you the main points again,…
8. Keeping to the point 9. Filers in conversation (used only in speaking)
Ok/ All right, …
Well/ Well, anyway…
So/ So then,…
By the way,…
At any rate…Anyhow…
What I mean is…
So…where was I saying? /where was I?
At the beginning of a sentence
I mean: This is, I mean, going to be challenging.
I guess: Well, I guess the problem is that I’m tired.
Kind of: This kind of makes sense
Adverbs such as “absolutely”, “actually”, “really”, “sure”, “seriously”: I mean, seriously, do you believe that?
In the middle of a sentence (usually)
Though: This is going to be hard, though. Right?: This is going to be easy, right?
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