Đề Xuất 4/2023 # Change Text Alignment Options In Word 2010 # Top 6 Like | Beiqthatgioi.com

Đề Xuất 4/2023 # Change Text Alignment Options In Word 2010 # Top 6 Like

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The four text alignment settings are deceptively simple, and there are quite a few hidden tricks and tips for this feature, as you’ll learn in this tutorial. When should you use Left, Center, Right, or Justify? Another frequent question is how to change the default alignment for new documents in Word 2010? Changing it will save you quite some time if you need to create documents other than left aligned (the default). Note that this tutorial focuses on your horizontal alignment settings; vertical alignment options will be covered when we talk about tables, whose cells can have no less than 9 alignment combinations!

Basic Word alignment settings

You will find the four text alignment buttons under the ” Home” tab in the Word 2010 ribbon. Here’s a screenshot of the default setting, where “Left” is selected; note that which button is current highlighted automatically changes based on the current position of the insertion point (blinking cursor).

Visual Communication 101: when should you use each alignment option?

This tutorial is about Word 2010, so we won’t hijack it into a layout presentation primer, but here are a few, basic pointers. Since most non-designers make the mistakes we’ll help you avoid, this may help your documents stand out from the crowd, quite useful for application papers or resumes. No design rule is ever absolute, so take what you can from these and adapt them as needed!

A mix of different text alignments in the same document create visual chaos; stick to one alignment, perhaps two. A cover sheet can gracefully contain three different alignments on the same page, but this is an exception (bottom left alignment in one corner, top right alignment for another corner, a center center for a title and sub header – for example). Aligning related text on the same side, possibly at the same distance from the side of the page, creates unity and visual cohesion; an invisible line (border) runs along the alignment side.

Just experiment for yourself:Justify vs. Left: in many cases, you’ll have to use the text alignment that is accepted as convention for your industry or the nature of your document. If you can choose between the two though, here are a few tips: “justify justified” text looks neater, but on long lines (“long line” is a perception correlated to font size, and paper dimension), justify justified can look more dense and uninviting to the eye. When writing for the screen (like this website, as opposed to paper), the reader’s screen resolution comes into play.

* Change screen resolution in Windows 7 *Change screen resolution in Windows Vista *Change screen resolution in Windows XP

Align differently a single line of text

Another way to force a separate alignment on a single line of text consists in adding a table to your document, since each row (and each cell) can have its own alignment.

Change default alignment for new Word documents

Text Justification And Alignment In Microsoft Word

I’m not sure this topic justifies a separate chapter in the User’s Guide but the alternative was to really bloat the basic formatting chapter with information most people don’t want or need.

Virtually all horizontal justification in Word is done with respect tab settings or to the left or right indent (not margins). Tab settings and indents are paragraph level formatting best set in Styles.

The screenshots here are from Word 2010, but the icons and keyboard shortcuts shown are identical in versions from Word 97-2013. Note that the screenshots of text include the Ruler to emphasize that the alignment is between paragraph Indents and not page Margins. The margins are shown by the text boundaries and on the Ruler. The Indents are not quite the same distance from the Margins. This is to show that the centering is done to the Indents as well.

The screenshots also have display of non-printing characters turned on. The ones visible are the paragraph marks and the dots for blank spaces.

Horizontal Alignment of Text in Microsoft Word

Unless support for some East-Asian language is installed, you will see four icons for paragraph alignment in Word.

The screen shots below all include a fifth icon for Distributed Text which will show up if you have East-Asian language support installed. The command is available even if the language support is not installed, though.

This is the default.

Because of the text used above, it looks like fully-justified text, but it is not. The text is not stretched to go all the way to the right Indent.

Full Justification / Alignment (Ctr+J)

The demonstration screen shot above shows full alignment with both a paragraph mark at the end of a short line and a line break at the end of a short line.

First, permit me a slight rant. Don’t use full justification! It makes your text look nice but it is harder to read! Also don’t use hyphenation — for the same reason. Reading is not done letter-by-letter. The brain uses the shape of the word to determine a meaning, and even the shape of a sentence. Both full justification and hyphenation mess with those shapes. (Done with rant; thank you for your tolerance.)

Fully justified text in newspapers and magazines is far more highly massaged than Word will do. This is through the use of kerning and ligatures.

Full justification can be enhanced by using a Word Perfect compatibility option — the only WP-compatibility option that I know of that is of any use.

Check the box for “Do full justification like Word Perfect 6.x for Windows.” This varies the space between words to a much finer degree than is the default for Word. Thanks to Woody’s Office Watch for this tip. It still doesn’t make the text as easy to read as left-justification. This option is not available for documents set up for Word 2013 or later.

If you do decide to use full alignment, just be aware that Word is a flawed tool to produce this kind of text.

Note that the WordPerfect option shifts text from line to line. This option is not available AFAIK after Word 2010 except when in compatibility mode.

Distributed Paragraph Alignment (Ctrl+Shift+J) – an undocumented option

Unless you have support for some East-Asian Language installed, you will only see the four icons above with none showing as active. If you do have that language support turned on, you will see five icons in the paragraph alignment area with the fifth one being for Distributed.

This was built into Word as a part of East Asian Language Support and is in all versions of Word since at least Word 2003. Distributed should never be used in English for regular text. Note above that in the last line the parantheses and period are counted as characters and space is used to stretch them as well.

If you have language support turned on for any East Asian Language, the icon will be with your other paragraph formatting alignment options as shown. Otherwise, you can add the command for Distributed Paragraph text to the Quick Action Toolbar or a Ribbon in Word 2007 and later. It is under All Commands as “Distributed.” When added to a the QAT or Ribbon, it gives the icon although not with the other icons. In Word 2003 you cannot display the icon (AFAIK) without installing support for an East-Asian language. The shortcut Ctrl+Shift+J, though, is available.

If you display the icon, it comes with the “tooltip” when you hover over it.

Again, I would never use Distributed for anything other than a single line of text for a special purpose. It does not, contrary to the tooltip shown, give a document a clean look!

My thank to Rohn and Stefan Blom for the information about the Distributed option. The keyboard shortcut does show up for the command Distribute Para in printed lists of commands or of keyboard shortcuts generated by Word using the ListCommands command. I call this an undocumented option becausethe Ctrl+Shift+J Shortcut does not show up in the lists of Keyboard Shortcuts on the Microsoft site that I’ve found. As far as I know, its use is not documented by Microsoft’s site, at least not in English.

All of the methods shown so far keep the same text on each line, they simply move the text to different positions on a line. That is not the case with the justification methods for Right-to-Left languages. They can ove words from line to line.

The above buttons give additional options, even if you are not using a Right-to-Left language. They give three additional degrees of justification.

Justify – High

Justify – Low

As far as I can tell, the Justify-Low setting is the same as the Full Justification setting.

Justify – Medium

Notice that the High and Medium settings move words from line to line. The menu button that gives a drop-down with all of these is only active if you have a Right-to-Left language enabled in you version of Word.

To put these on your QAT:

Modifying the Quick Access Toolbar (QAT) in Microsoft Word

There are times when you want one column of text aligned to the left, and a second to the right. (In Word Perfect, this is called Flush-Right.) In Word, this is done by use of Tab settings or Alignment Tabs that ignore those settings.

A common example of this kind of formatting is a Table of Contents. Word will automatically define a Table of Contents in just this way. Here are examples of text with the Ruler, with the non-printing tab characters displayed.

Note that the tabs could be set at the paragraph indents; here they are not to make what is happening clearer. If they were set at the indents, the tab for the left-most text would not be used, simply the indent. Note also that a right tab could be set outside the right paragraph indent and/or the right page margin.

The second is Flush Right with an additional Center tab.

The third example uses a Right tab to align text on the left with an even right margin and that on the right with an even left margin. Still with a Center tab.

The fourth example shows use to line up columns to meet in the middle using tab settings.

Other times you will want one column aligned to the left margin, a second column centered and a third column right-aligned with the right margin. In Word Perfect this is done in a left-justified paragraph by typing the text on the left, pressing the Center key, typing the centered text, and then pressing Right-Justify and typing the text for the right margin. A typical place for doing this is in the headers and footers of a page. Both the header and the footer Styles are set up with a center-tab and a right-tab. If you are in either of these places, simply type your left text, press the tab key, type your centered text, press the tab key again, and type your right-aligned text. This is shown in the examples above.

If you need wrapping for these columns of text, whether in the body of your document or in a header or footer, you could use a Table in Word. Remember that each cell in a table can be aligned independently and that you can turn off the borders for the table so that it will not print lines between or around cells.

Otherwise you could set the Right Tab outside of the right Indent or even the Right Margin. The screenshots below show text where this has been done. They have the same margin settings but different indent and tab settings. Both use dot leaders for the Right Tab. Display of non-printing formatting characters is turned on. The first method shown below (tab set outside right indent) works in Word 2013 and later as well as earlier versions. The second method (tab set outside right margin) only works in Word versions 2010 and earlier.

See also Working with Tabs.

Vertical Justification / Alignment of Text in Microsoft Word

Just as text can be aligned to either the left or right indent (not margin) or centered horizontally with Word, it can be aligned to the top or bottom margins of the page or centered on the page using vertical alignment. In Word 97-2003, this is done using the Page Setup dialog found under the File menu. In Ribbon versions of Word it is done using the same dialog launched using the dialog launcher button on the Page Layout Group of the Page Layout tab. These and the dialog are shown below.

Again, vertical alignment on the page is a Section formatting property, not a paragraph formatting property like horizontal alignment.

Justification of Text in Tables in Microsoft Word

See Using Tables for Organizing and Formatting in Microsoft Word

Alignment to Page Margins or Left and Right Indents Rather Than Tab Settings Using Alignment Tabs

Virtually all horizontal alignment in Word is done either in relationship to paragraph Indents or using Tabs – both set as a part of the paragraph formatting and often done in a Style. There are times when you want to align according to the left and right margins or corresponding indents and ignore tab settings. This can be done in a limited fashion (Left, Center, and Right) using Alignment Tabs introduced in Word 2007.

Alignment Within Tables is Handled by Additional Controls

To be worked on. See Cell Properties in the meantime.

See this thread for where we are going with this.

5 Ways To Change Text Case In Excel

You’ve probably come across this situation before.

You have a list of names and it’s all lower case letter. You need to fix them so they are all properly capitalized.

With hundreds of names in your list, it’s going to be a pain to go through and edit first and last names.

Thankfully, there are some easy ways to change the case of any text data in Excel. We can change text to lower case, upper case or proper case where each word is capitalized.

In this post, we’re going to look at using Excel functions, flash fill, power query, DAX and power pivot to change the case of our text data.

Video Tutorial

Using Excel Formulas To Change Text Case

The first option we’re going to look at is regular Excel functions. These are the functions we can use in any worksheet in Excel.

There’s a whole category of Excel functions to deal with text, and these three will help us to change the text case.

LOWER Excel Worksheet Function

UPPER Excel Worksheet Function

PROPER Excel Worksheet Function

The PROPER function takes one argument which is the bit of Text we want to change into proper case. The function will evaluate to text that is all proper case where each word starts with a capital letter and is followed by lower case letters.

Copy And Paste Formulas As Values

After using the Excel formulas to change the case of our text, we may want to convert these to values.

This can be done by copying the range of formulas and pasting them as values with the paste special command.

Press Ctrl + C to copy the range of cells ➜ press Ctrl + Alt + V to paste special ➜ choose Values from the paste options.

Using Flash Fill To Change Text Case

Flash fill is a tool in Excel that helps with simple data transformations. We only need to provide a couple examples of the results we want, and flash fill will fill in the rest.

We can also use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + E for flash fill.

Flash fill will work for many types of simple data transformations including changing text between lower case, upper case and proper case.

Using Power Query To Change Text Case

Power query is all about data transformation, so it’s sure there is a way to change the case of text in this tool.

With power query we can transform the case into lower, upper and proper case.

Text.Lower Power Query Function

This will create a new column with all text converted to lower case letters using the Text.Lower power query function.

Text.Upper Power Query Function

This will create a new column with all text converted to upper case letters using the Text.Upper power query function.

Text.Proper Power Query Function

This will create a new column with all text converted to proper case lettering, where each word is capitalized, using the Text.Proper power query function.

Using DAX Formulas To Change Text Case

When we think of pivot tables, we generally think of summarizing numeric data. But pivot tables can also summarize text data when we use the data model and DAX formulas. There are even DAX formula to change text case before we summarize it!

LOWER DAX Function

We can enter the above formula into the Measure editor. Just like the Excel worksheet functions, there is a DAX function to convert text to lower case.

However, in order for the expression to be a valid measure, it will need to be wrapped in a text aggregating function like CONCATENATEX. This is because measures need to evaluate to a single value and the LOWER DAX function does not do this on it’s own. The CONCATENATEX function will aggregate the results of the LOWER function into a single value.

Similarily, we can enter the above formula into the Measure editor to create our upper case DAX formula. Just like the Excel worksheet functions, there is a DAX function to convert text to upper case.

Missing PROPER DAX Function

We might try and create a similar DAX formula to create proper case text. But it turns out there is no function in DAX equivalent to the PROPER worksheet function.

Using Power Pivot Row Level Formulas To Change Text Case

This method will also use pivot tables and the Data Model, but instead of DAX formulas we can create row level calculations using the Power Pivot add-in.

Power pivot formulas can be used to add new calculated columns in our data. Calculations in these columns happen for each row of data similar to our regular Excel worksheet functions.

Not every version of Excel has power pivot available and you will need to enable the add-in before you can use it. To enable the power pivot add-in, go to the File tab ➜ Options ➜ go to the Add-ins tab ➜ Manage COM Add-ins ➜ press Go ➜ check the box for Microsoft Power Pivot for Excel.

This is the same data model as creating a pivot table and using the Add this data to the Data Model checkbox option. So if our data is already in the data model we can use the Manage data model option to create our power pivot calculations.

LOWER Power Pivot Function

Press Enter to accept the new formula.

The formula will appear in each cell of the new column regardless of which cell was selected. This is because each row must use the same calculation within a calculated column.

UPPER Power Pivot Function

=UPPER(ChangeCase[Mixed Case])

We can do the same thing to create a calculated column that converts the text to upper case by adding a new calculated column with the above formula.

Missing PROPER Power Pivot Function

Unfortunately, there is no power pivot function to convert text to proper case. So just like DAX, we won’t be able to do this in a similar fashion to the lower case and upper case power pivot methods.


There are many ways to change the case of any text data between lower, upper and proper case.

Excel Formulas are quick, easy and will dynamically update if the inputs ever change.

Flash fill is great for one-off transformations where you need to quickly fix some text and don’t need to update or change the data after.

Power query is perfect for fixing data that will be imported regularly into Excel from an outside source.

DAX and power pivot are can be used for fixing text to display within a pivot table.

Each option has different strengths and weaknesses so it’s best to become familiar will all methods so you can choose the one that will best suit your needs.

Hidden Numbering Options In Word

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It’s vexing that the numbering features in Word aren’t all in the one place. Instead they’re spread across three different dialog boxes including “Adjust List Indents … ” and “Set Numbering Value…”.  Those two bland names hide some useful Word tricks.  Numbering can also be set as a style.

Adjust List Indents

Hiding on this relatively obscure dialog is a very useful number formatting option – Follow number with.

It’s the only way to access these options.  They aren’t available via Define New Number Format where they should be.

Number position: The gap between the margin and the start of each number.

Text indent: the position where the following text begins.

Here’s a slightly extreme example with Number Position: 0.5″  and Text indent: 1″

As you can see, the tab markers on the ruler show the two positions.  You can use those markers to adjust the positioning.

Follow Number with

Tab is the default and the ‘Adjust List Indents’ dialog is so underused that many think all numbering must have a tab after it.

Space is also possible or nothing at all. Space is useful as we’ll see in a moment.

Changing the Adjust List Indent setting to space lets you create numbered lists that look like normal paragraphs.

The intermediate lines are created with a line break (Shift + Enter) with a character style for consistency.

‘Nothing’ can merge the numbering into, say, a serial number.

Set Numbering Value

Continue from previous list will use the next number from the end of the previous list.

Advance value (skip numbers) lets you set a different start value for the continued list.

You can set any starting number you like up to 32,767.

In our tests, that’s the highest starting value accepted, though the list will count above that.

Style Control

The default list numbering style is List Paragraph but you can change that.

Make different styles for various types of numbering in a document.

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